How to Keep Your Precious Creations from Burning & Cracking

Posted on December 4, 2012 in Hints, Tips, & Tricks by Katie Oskin

Don’t Burn Your Creations

&

Don’t Let Them Crack Either

How To Keep Your Polymer Clay Creation from Burning or Cracking by KatersAcresThere is truly nothing that makes me more sad and angry than spending hours making something gorgeous only for it to burn & or crack.  This is horribly frustrating for every polymer clay artist.  Today I’m going to give you my best hints, tips, & tricks to preventing this.  We’re going to go back to basics and learn how to bake polymer clay.

In my opinion, cracking objects is often worse than burning objects.  Objects that are burned can often be covered or disguised by antiquing, covering in a paint medium, using Perfect Pearls, or even Swellegant‘s line of products by Christi Friesen.  However, when a project cracks, there is not a lot that you can do.

OH NO! It cracked!

When my new studio was finished, I upgraded to a new oven.  This new oven was not as reliable as my old oven, but it also changed temperature so dramatically that my pieces were cracking all over the place.  After watching 24 hours of labor intensive work go down the drain, I decided that I had to do something about my clay that was cracking.

Don’t Let it Crack

There’s a couple of important steps in keeping your precious creation from cracking.  A basic how to bake polymer clay instruction guide is below.  90% of the time, it is one of these reasons that your clay has cracked while baking.

  1.  The first and most important is to make sure that your clay is fully conditioned.  Clay that is not proper or fully conditioned has a better chance of cracking.
  2. Make sure there are no air bubbles in your clay.  Air bubbles will also cause cracking in undesireable places if you are not careful.
  3. Keep your oven at a constant temperature.  Most countertop ovens do not have good seals.  This means that the temperature inside the oven will vary by as much as 50 degrees.  This will cause your oven lose temperature drastically and for your piece to crack.  Use an oven thermometer to be sure that your oven stays at a constant temperature.
  4. Use ceramic tiles to help hold your oven’s temperature.  I placed 4 ceramic 4×4 tiles in the bottom of my oven as well as two 12×12 tiles on top of my oven.  This helps hold the temperature of the oven steady.  It’s a cheap fix and your clay won’t crack anymore. (Tip from The Polymer Clay Tutor)

Don’t Let it Burn

There are really only two reasons that your clay will burn.  The first is that you are baking your clay above the recommended temperature.  Always read the package for the particular brand of clay you are using to make sure that you are baking it at the right temperature.  The second reason your clay will burn is because it is too close to the heating elements.  There’s a simple solution to this…just tent your piece with foil.  It works, every time!
Thanks for joining me today,

Happy Claying,

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15 Comments for this entry
Becky Lozano
February 15, 2015
09:51

Hi,

I have been covering glass with translucent clay and cracks appear days after the project is complete so i don’t want to sell any of it or give it as a gift. I have been having a hard time pressing the clay onto the glass and getting rid of all the trapped air between the clay and the glass. Any tips you can share? Should I coat with liquid sculpey or cover the glass with a thin base of clay and bake that first? I’m pretty frustrated by now but I don’t want to ditch covering glass in polymer clay 🙁

Becky

Reply
Katie
February 15, 2015
23:45

I have not covered a lot of things with glass, but the few I have, I have not had any issues with. Are you using cane slices per chance? Cane slices will often crack because they haven’t been reconditioned and instead have just been pressed onto the glass. The lack of conditioning (think reducing your cane) will cause them to crack. Cracking clay is often due to UNDER conditioning. Make sure your clay is FULLY conditioned before adding it to the glass. Fully conditioned clay should not have any “cracks” on the edges after running through the pasta machine. Many people STOP conditioning when the clay feels “flexible” … but cracking edges means it’s not fully conditioned. I would NOT cover the entire glass with liquid sculpted. Your pieces will slip & slide and you won’t like the result. See if the above doesn’t help you. If not, come back & we’ll try to figure it out together.

Reply
Kathay
December 24, 2014
02:12

do you lay the tiles in the bottom on top of the elements, that is what it looks like?

Reply
Katie
December 24, 2014
10:32

Kathay, That’s what I have done in my oven, yes. Some elements in some ovens are also on the top, but there is no way to line those.

Reply
kay
January 1, 2014
09:56

I’m very new to sculpting but I have had much experience with cracking here’s what I do works every time and I don’t see any cracks after wards okay so I apply more of the same clay to the cracks wet a medium hand towel put my oven at its lowest setting and wrap my piece in the towel and put it back in thee oven for 20mins
I hope that help alittle

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Katie
January 1, 2014
13:09

I haven’t tried this, but I rarely (once a year) have anything crack. I will let you know how it works for me.

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Carolyn Good
June 28, 2013
18:24

I have to disagree where cracking is worse than burning. Burning polymer clay releases toxic fumes into the air which is not good at all and you never want.

Just a helpful tip from experience. To prevent either cracking or burning, you can bake in a pan of baking soda, cover the items in baking soda and then tin foil or lid. After baking, allow to cool completely before removing any clay pieces. Cracking is caused by the clay pieces expanding and contracting from the heat and then cooling if there is any air pockets trapped inside or under any layers where covering them with the baking soda prevents this from happening so much and provides a more constant environment.

Also, as Alecia, mentioned, cracks can generally be “back-filled” with clay moistened with liquid clay. However, the object can crack again during baking unless it is buried in the baking soda.

Since I have used this method I have never had an item crack on me in years. It does work.

Reply
Katie
June 28, 2013
20:15

Hi Carolyn! Thanks for stopping by. I love the work you and your hubby do – GORGEOUS!

I do know that the fumes are toxic, I had a fan built into my studio just for this reason (though I’ve only burned 2 things in 5 years … knock on wood). I do know that baking soda works, however most of my items range from 2″-6″ tall. This would be a TON of baking soda to bury them in. I just cover my things in foil.

I must be doing something wrong as when I “back-fill” with liquid clay I can still see the crack and this bothers me. Perhaps if I filled it wil really softened clay of the same color? That might work!

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Alecia Edwards
February 8, 2013
12:37

One way to fix small cracks is to create a ‘slurry with a small amount of the clay you used in the project with liquid clay. Make a thin paste, and smooth it into the crack (I use my finger) – bake for 15-20 minutes and cracks are gone. It might require a tiny bit of sanding to remove the shiny look of liquid clay… 🙂

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Katie
February 8, 2013
14:59

That’s a GREAT tip! Thanks!

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CalliopeAZCreations
December 5, 2012
12:53

Katie – Thanks for the ‘tenting’ suggestion. Hugs!

Reply
Trina (Trina's Clay Creations)
December 4, 2012
08:25

You are so right Katie, there is so upsetting to spend so much time creating a piece only to have it crack. Good tips here, thanks for sharing!

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